Title: Drosha controls dendritic cell development by cleaving messenger RNAs encoding inhibitors of myelopoiesis
Authors: Johanson, TM
Keown, AA
Cmero, M
Yeo, JHC
Kumar, A
Lew, AM
Zhan, YF
Chong, MMW
Issue Year: 2015
Series Nat. Immunol.:
Abstract To investigate if the microRNA (miRNA) pathway is required for dendritic cell (DC) development, we assessed the effect of ablating Drosha and Dicer, the two enzymes central to miRNA biogenesis. We found that while Dicer deficiency had some effect, Drosha deficiency completely halted DC development and halted myelopoiesis more generally. This indicated that while the miRNA pathway did have a role, it was a non-miRNA function of Drosha that was particularly critical. Drosha repressed the expression of two mRNAs encoding inhibitors of myelopoiesis in early hematopoietic progenitors. We found that Drosha directly cleaved stem-loop structure within these mRNAs and that this mRNA degradation was necessary for myelopoiesis. We have therefore identified a mechanism that regulates the development of DCs and other myeloid cells.
URI: https://publications.svi.edu.au/publications/2127
Other Identifiers 10.1038/ni.3293
Publication type Article
Grant ID GNT0637338; GNT1004541; GNT1042211; GNT1079586;