Title: Enhanced liver progenitor cell survival and differentiation in vivo by spheroid implantation in a vascularized tissue engineerin
Authors: Dingle, AM
Lokmic, Z
Palmer, J
Dhillon, RS
Morrison, WA
Penington, AJ
Yeoh, GC
Yap, KK
Mitchell, GM
Issue Year: 2013
Publisher
Series Biomaterials:
Abstract Liver tissue engineering is hampered by poor implanted cell survival due to inadequate vascularization and cell-cell/cell-matrix interactions. Here, we use liver progenitor cell (LPC) spheroids to enhance cell-cell/cell-matrix interactions, with implantation into an angiogenic in vivo mouse chamber. Spheroids were generated in vitro in methylcellulose medium. Day 2 spheroids were optimal for implantation (22,407 +/-645 cells/spheroid), demonstrating maximal proliferation (Ki67 immunolabeling) and minimal apoptosis (caspase-3 immunolabelling). In vivo chambers established bilaterally on epigastric vessels of immunodeficient mice were implanted with equivalent numbers of LPCs as a cell suspension (200,000 cells), or spheroids (9 spheroids). At day 14, a trend of increased LPC survival was observed in spheroid-implanted chambers [pan-cytokeratin (panCK+) cells, p = 0.38, 2.4 fold increase)], with significantly increased differentiation [cytokeratin 18 (CK18+) cells, p < 0.002, 5.1 fold increase)] compared to cell suspension-implanted chambers. At day 45, both measures were significantly increased in spheroid-implanted chambers (panCK, p < 0.006, 16 fold increase) (CK18, p < 0.019, 6 fold increase). Hepatic acini/plates of CK18 + cells expressed hepatocyte nuclear factor 4-α and β-catenin, indicating ongoing hepatic differentiation. Spheroid cell-delivery significantly increased LPC survival and differentiation compared to conventional cell suspensions. This LPC spheroid/vascularized chamber model has clinical potential to generate three-dimensional vascularized liver tissue for liver replacement.
URI: https://publications.svi.edu.au/publications/2388
ISSN
Other Identifiers 34(16):3992-4001
Publication type Article
Grant ID GNT1023187
Find it online http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0142961213001804