Title: Impact of type 2 diabetes on hospitalization and mortality in people with malignancy
Authors: Kiburg, KV
Ward, GM
Vogrin, S
Steele, K
Mulrooney, E
Loh, M
McLachlan, SA
Sundararajan, V
MacIsaac, RJ
Issue Year: 2020
Publisher WILEY
Abstract Macroautophagy/autophagy is a central component of the cytoprotective cellular stress response. To enlighten stress-induced autophagy signaling, we screened a human kinome siRNA library for regulators of autophagic flux in MCF7 human breast carcinoma cells and identified the catalytic subunit of DNA-dependent protein kinase PRKDC/DNA-PKcs as a positive regulator of basal and DNA damage-induced autophagy. Analysis of autophagy-regulating signaling cascades placed PRKDC upstream of the AMP-dependent protein kinase (AMPK) complex and ULK1 kinase. In normal culture conditions, PRKDC interacted with the AMPK complex and phosphorylated its nucleotide-sensing gamma 1 subunit PRKAG1/AMPK gamma 1 at Ser192 and Thr284, both events being significantly reduced upon the activation of the AMPK complex. Alanine substitutions of PRKDC phosphorylation sites in PRKAG1 reduced AMPK complex activation without affecting its nucleotide sensing capacity. Instead, the disturbance of PRKDC-mediated phosphorylation of PRKAG1 inhibited the lysosomal localization of the AMPK complex and its starvation-induced association with STK11 (serine/threonine kinase 11). Taken together, our data suggest that PRKDC-mediated phosphorylation of PRKAG1 primes AMPK complex to the lysosomal activation by STK11 in cancer cells thereby linking DNA damage response to autophagy and cellular metabolism.
URI: https://publications.svi.edu.au/publications/7441
Other Identifiers 10.1111/dme.14147
Publication type Article