Title: Multiple actions of parathyroid hormone-related protein in breast cancer bone metastasis
Authors: Martin, TJ
Johnson, RW
Issue Year: 2021
Publisher WILEY
Abstract Purpose of review The direct modification of RNA is now understood to be widespread, evolutionarily conserved and of consequence to cellular and organismal homeostasis. adenosine-to-inosine (A-to-I) RNA editing is one of the most common mammalian RNA modifications. Transcriptome-wide maps of the A-to-I editing exist, yet functions for the majority of editing sites remain opaque. Herein we discuss how hematology has been applied to determine physiological and malignant functions of A-to-I editing. Recent findings Functional studies have established that A-to-I editing and ADAR1, responsible for the majority of editing in blood cells, are essential for normal blood cell homeostasis. ADAR1 edits endogenous RNA and reshapes its secondary structure, preventing MDA5 from perceiving the cells own RNA as pathogenic. Roles for ADAR1 in human leukaemia, and most recently, cancer cell intrinsic and extrinsic functions of ADAR1 have been identified that highlight ADAR1 as a therapeutic target in cancer. Summary The studies reviewed have identified the key physiological function of ADAR1 and mechanistic basis for A-to-I editing in normal physiology and have now been extended to cancer. As our understanding of the biology and consequences of A-to-I editing evolve, it may be possible to target ADAR1 function advantageously in a number of settings.
URI: https://publications.svi.edu.au/publications/7795
Other Identifiers 10.1111/bph.14709
Publication type Review