Title: Genome-wide genetic screen identifies host ubiquitination as important for Legionella pneumophila Dot/Icm effector translocation
Authors: Ong, SY
Schuelein, R
Wibawa, RR
Thomas, DW
Handoko, Y
Freytag, S
Bahlo, M
Simpson, KJ
Hartland, EL
Issue Year: 2021
Publisher WILEY
Abstract The Dot/Icm system of Legionella pneumophila is essential for virulence and delivers a large repertoire of effectors into infected host cells to create the Legionella containing vacuole. Since the secretion of effectors via the Dot/Icm system does not occur in the absence of host cells, we hypothesised that host factors actively participate in Dot/Icm effector translocation. Here we employed a high-throughput, genome-wide siRNA screen to systematically test the effect of silencing 18,120 human genes on translocation of the Dot/Icm effector, RalF, into HeLa cells. For the primary screen, we found that silencing of 119 genes led to increased translocation of RalF, while silencing of 321 genes resulted in decreased translocation. Following secondary screening, 70 genes were successfully validated as 'high confidence' targets. Gene set enrichment analysis of siRNAs leading to decreased RalF translocation, showed that ubiquitination was the most highly overrepresented category in the pathway analysis. We further showed that two host factors, the E2 ubiquitin-conjugating enzyme, UBE2E1, and the E3 ubiquitin ligase, CUL7, were important for supporting Dot/Icm translocation and L. pneumophila intracellular replication. In summary, we identified host ubiquitin pathways as important for the efficiency of Dot/Icm effector translocation by L. pneumophila, suggesting that host-derived ubiquitin-conjugating enzymes and ubiquitin ligases participate in the translocation of Legionella effector proteins and influence intracellular persistence and survival.
URI: https://publications.svi.edu.au/publications/8124
Other Identifiers 10.1111/cmi.13368
Publication type Article