Title: Hypoxic conditioning enhances the angiogenic paracrine activity of human adipose-derived stem cells
Authors: Lokmic, Z
Hsiao, ST
Lim, SY
Dusting, GJ
Abberton, KM
Peshavariya, HM
Dilley, RJ
Issue Year: 2013
Publisher
Series Stem Cells Dev:
Abstract Human adipose-derived stem cells (ASCs) secrete cytokines and growth factors that can be harnessed in a paracrine fashion for promotion of angiogenesis, cell survival, and activation of endogenous stem cells. We recently showed that hypoxia is a powerful stimulus for an angiogenic activity from ASCs in vitro and here we investigate the biological significance of this paracrine activity in an in vivo angiogenesis model. A single in vitro exposure of ASCs to severe hypoxia (<0.1% O2) significantly increased both the transcriptional and translational level of the vascular endothelial growth factor-A (VEGF-A) and angiogenin (ANG). The angiogenicity of the ASC-conditioned medium (ASC(CM)) was assessed by implanting ASC(CM)-treated polyvinyl alcohol sponges subcutaneously for 2 weeks in mice. The morphometric analysis of anti-CD31-immunolabeled sponge sections demonstrated an increased angiogenesis with hypoxic ASC(CM) treatment compared to normoxic control ASC(CM) treatment (percentage vascular volume; 6.0%±0.5% in the hypoxic ASC(CM) vs. 4.1%±0.7% in the normoxic ASC(CM), P<0.05). Reduction of VEGF-A and ANG levels in the ASC(CM) with respective neutralizing antibodies before sponge implantation showed a significantly diminished angiogenic response (3.5%±0.5% in anti-VEGF-A treated, 3.2%±0.7% in anti-ANG treated, and 3.5%±0.6% in anti-VEGF-A/ANG treated). Further, both the normoxic and hypoxic ASC(CM) were able to sustain in vivo lymphangiogenesis in sponges. Collectively, the model demonstrated that the increased paracrine production of the VEGF-A and ANG in hypoxic-conditioned ASCs in vitro translated to an in vivo effect with a favorable biological significance. These results further illustrate the potential for utilization of an in vitro optimized ASC(CM) for in vivo angiogenesis-related applications as an effective cell-free technology.
URI: https://publications.svi.edu.au/publications/2355
ISSN
Other Identifiers 22(10):1614-23
Publication type Article
Grant ID GNT1024817
Find it online https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3653395/