Title: Extraction of tissue antigens for functional assays
Authors: Chand, R
Necula, AS
Albatat, B
Mannering, SI
Issue Year: 2012
Publisher
Series J Vis Exp:
Abstract Many of the antigen targets of adaptive immune response, recognized by B and T cells, have not been defined (1). This is particularly true in autoimmune diseases and cancer(2). Our aim is to investigate the antigens recognized by human T cells in the autoimmune disease type 1 diabetes (1,3,4,5). To analyze human T-cell responses against tissue where the antigens recognized by T cells are not identified we developed a method to extract protein antigens from human tissue in a format that is compatible with functional assays (6). Previously, T-cell responses to unpurified tissue extracts could not be measured because the extraction methods yield a lysate that contained detergents that were toxic to human peripheral blood mononuclear cells. Here we describe a protocol for extracting proteins from human tissues in a format that is not toxic to human T cells. The tissue is homogenized in a mixture of butan-1-ol, acetonitrile and water (BAW). The protein concentration in the tissue extract is measured and a known mass of protein is aliquoted into tubes. After extraction, the organic solvents are removed by lyophilization. Lyophilized tissue extracts can be stored until required. For use in assays of immune function, a suspension of immune cells, in appropriate culture media, can be added directly to the lyophilized extract. Cytokine production and proliferation by PBMC, in response to extracts prepared using this method, were readily measured. Hence, our method allows the rapid preparation of human tissue lysates that can be used as a source of antigens in the analysis of T-cell responses. We suggest that this method will facilitate the analysis of adaptive immune responses to tissues in transplantation, cancer and autoimmunity.
URI: https://publications.svi.edu.au/publications/2380
ISSN
Other Identifiers 10;(67)
Publication type Article
Grant ID GNT0559007
Find it online https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3490240/