Title: Reaction mechanism of the bioluminescent protein mnemiopsin1 revealed by X-ray crystallography and QM/MM simulations
Authors: Molakarimi, M
Gorman, MA
Mohseni, A
Pashandi, Z
Taghdir, M
Naderi-Manesh, H
Sajedi, RH
Parker, MW
Issue Year: 2019
Series J. Biol. Chem.:
Abstract Bioluminescence of a variety of marine organisms, mostly cnidarians and ctenophores, is carried out by Ca2+-dependent photoproteins. The mechanism of light emission operates via the same reaction in both animal families. Despite numerous studies on the ctenophore photoprotein family, the detailed catalytic mechanism and arrangement of amino acid residues surrounding the chromophore in this family are a mystery. Here, we report the crystal structure of Cd2+-loaded apo-mnemiopsin1, a member of the ctenophore family, at 2.15 resolution and used quantum mechanics/molecular mechanics (QM/MM) to investigate its reaction mechanism. The simulations suggested that an Asp-156-Arg-39-Tyr-202 triad creates a hydrogen-bonded network to facilitate the transfer of a proton from the 2-hydroperoxy group of the chromophore coelenterazine to bulk solvent. We identified a water molecule in the coelenteramide-binding cavity that forms a hydrogen bond with the amide nitrogen atom of coelenteramide, which, in turn, is hydrogen-bonded via another water molecule to Tyr-131. This observation supports the hypothesis that the function of the coelenteramide-bound water molecule is to catalyze the 2-hydroperoxycoelenterazine decarboxylation reaction by protonation of a dioxetanone anion, thereby triggering the bioluminescence reaction in the ctenophore photoprotein family.
URI: https://publications.svi.edu.au/publications/4112
Other Identifiers 10.1074/jbc.RA118.006053
Publication type Article