Title: Star Polymers Reduce Islet Amyloid Polypeptide Toxicity via Accelerated Amyloid Aggregation
Authors: Pilkington, EH
Lai, M
Ge, XW
Stanley, WJ
Wang, B
Wang, MY
Kakinen, A
Sani, MA
Whittaker, MR
Gurzov, EN
Ding, F
Quinn, JF
Davis, TP
Ke, PC
Issue Year: 2017
Series Biomacromolecules:
Abstract Protein aggregation into amyloid fibrils is a ubiquitous phenomenon across the spectrum of neuro-degenerative disorders and type 2 diabetes. A common strategy against amyloidogenesis is to minimize the populations of toxic oligomers and protofibrils by inhibiting protein aggregation with small molecules or nanopartides. However, melanin synthesis in nature is realized by accelerated protein fibrillation to circumvent accumulation of toxic intermediates. Accordingly, we designed and demonstrated the use of star shaped poly(2-hydroxyethyl acrylate) (PHEA) nanostructures for promoting aggregation while ameliorating the toxicity of human islet amyloid polypeptide (IAPP), the peptide involved in glycemic control and the pathology of type 2 diabetes. The binding of PHEA elevated the beta-sheet content in IAPP aggregates while rendering a new morphology of "stelliform" amyloids originating from the polymers. Atomistic molecular dynamics simulations revealed that the PHEA arms served as rodlike scaffolds for IAPP binding and subsequently accelerated IAPP aggregation by increased local peptide concentration. The tertiary structure of the star nanoparticles was found to be essential for driving the specific interactions required to impel the accelerated IAPP aggregation. This study sheds new light on the structure toxicity relationship of IAPP and points to the potential of exploiting star polymers as a new class of therapeutic agents against amyloidogenesis.
URI: https://publications.svi.edu.au/publications/4747
Other Identifiers 10.1021/acs.biomac.7b01301
Publication type Article