Title: T cell receptor recognition of hybrid insulin peptides bound to HLA-DQ8
Authors: Tran, MT
Faridi, P
Lim, JJ
Ting, YT
Onwukwe, G
Bhattacharjee, P
Jones, CM
Tresoldi, E
Cameron, FJ
La Gruta, NL
Purcell, AW
Mannering, SI
Rossjohn, J
Reid, HH
Issue Year: 2021
Abstract HLA-DQ8, a genetic risk factor in type I diabetes (T1D), presents hybrid insulin peptides (HIPs) to autoreactive CD4+ T cells. The abundance of spliced peptides binding to HLA-DQ8 and how they are subsequently recognised by the autoreactive T cell repertoire is unknown. Here we report, the HIP (GQVELGGGNAVEVLK), derived from splicing of insulin and islet amyloid polypeptides, generates a preferred peptide-binding motif for HLA-DQ8. HLA-DQ8-HIP tetramer(+) T cells from the peripheral blood of a T1D patient are characterised by repeated TRBV5 usage, which matches the TCR bias of CD4+ T cells reactive to the HIP peptide isolated from the pancreatic islets of a patient with T1D. The crystal structure of three TRBV5+ TCR-HLA-DQ8-HIP complexes shows that the TRBV5-encoded TCR beta-chain forms a common landing pad on the HLA-DQ8 molecule. The N- and C-termini of the HIP is recognised predominantly by the TCR alpha-chain and TCR beta-chain, respectively, in all three TCR ternary complexes. Accordingly, TRBV5 + TCR recognition of HIP peptides might occur via a 'polarised' mechanism, whereby each chain within the alpha beta TCR heterodimer recognises distinct origins of the spliced peptide presented by HLA-DQ8. Epitopes formed by fusion of more than one self peptide, such as proinsulin and other beta cell proteins, can result in the formation of non-self hybrid peptides that can potentially trigger autoimmune responses. Here the authors show how TRBV5 + T cell receptors are geared towards recognition of HLA-DQ8 bound hybrid peptides in patients with type 1 diabetes.
URI: https://publications.svi.edu.au/publications/8080
Other Identifiers 10.1038/s41467-021-25404-x
Publication type Article