Title: Contrasting roles of leukemia inhibitory factor in murine bone development and remodeling involve region-specific changes in vascularization
Authors: Poulton, IJ
McGregor, NE
Pompolo, S
Walker, EC
Sims, NA
Issue Year: 2012
Publisher WILEY-BLACKWELL
Series JOURNAL OF BONE AND MINERAL RESEARCH: 27(3): 586-595
Abstract We describe here distinct functions of leukemia inhibitory factor (LIF) in bone development/growth and adult skeletal homeostasis. In the growth plate and developing neonate bones, LIF deficiency enhanced vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) levels, enlarged blood vessel formation, and increased the formation of giant osteoclasts/chondroclasts that rapidly destroyed the mineralized regions of the growth plate and developing neonatal bone. Below this region, osteoblasts formed large quantities of woven bone. In contrast, in adult bone undergoing remodeling osteoclast formation was unaffected by LIF deficiency, whereas osteoblast formation and function were both significantly impaired, resulting in osteopenia. Consistent with LIF promoting osteoblast commitment, enhanced marrow adipocyte formation was also observed in adult LIF null mice, and adipocytic differentiation of murine stromal cells was delayed by LIF treatment. LIF, therefore, controls vascular size and osteoclast differentiation during the transition of cartilage to bone, whereas an anatomically separate LIF-dependent pathway regulates osteoblast and adipocyte commitment in bone remodeling. (c) 2012 American Society for Bone and Mineral Research
URI: https://publications.svi.edu.au/publications/1652
Other Identifiers 10.1002/jbmr.1485
Publication type Article
Grant ID GNT1002728; GNT1019703