Title: Loss of G(s)alpha in the Postnatal Skeleton Leads to Low Bone Mass and a Blunted Response to Anabolic Parathyroid Hormone Therapy
Authors: Sinha, P
Aarnisalo, P
Chubb, R
Poulton, IJ
Guo, J
Nachtrab, G
Kimura, T
Swami, S
Saeed, H
Chen, M
Weinstein, LS
Schipani, E
Sims, NA
Kronenberg, HM
Wu, JY
Issue Year: 2016
Publisher AMER SOC BIOCHEMISTRY MOLECULAR BIOLOGY INC
Series J. Biol. Chem.:
Abstract Parathyroid hormone (PTH) is an important regulator of osteoblast function and is the only anabolic therapy currently approved for treatment of osteoporosis. The PTH receptor (PTH1R) is a G protein-coupled receptor that signals via multiple G proteins including G(s)alpha. Mice expressing a constitutively active mutant PTH1R exhibited a dramatic increase in trabecular bone that was dependent upon expression of G(s)alpha in the osteoblast lineage. Postnatal removal of G(s)alpha in the osteoblast lineage (P-G(s)alpha(OsxKO) mice) yielded markedly reduced trabecular and cortical bone mass. Treatment with anabolic PTH(1-34) (80 mu g/kg/day) for 4 weeks failed to increase trabecular bone volume or cortical thickness in male and female P-G(s)alpha(OsxKO) mice. Surprisingly, in both male and female mice, PTH administration significantly increased osteoblast numbers and bone formation rate in both control and P-G(s)alpha(OsxKO) mice. In mice that express a mutated PTH1R that activates adenylyl cyclase and protein kinase A (PKA) via G(s)alpha but not phospholipase C via G(q/11) (D/D mice), PTH significantly enhanced bone formation, indicating that phospholipase C activation is not required for increased bone turnover in response to PTH. Therefore, although the anabolic effect of intermittent PTH treatment on trabecular bone volume is blunted by deletion of G(s)alpha in osteoblasts, PTH can stimulate osteoblast differentiation and bone formation. Together these findings suggest that alternative signaling pathways beyond G(s)alpha and G(q/11) act downstream of PTH on osteoblast differentiation.
URI: https://publications.svi.edu.au/publications/2037
ISSN
Other Identifiers 10.1074/jbc.M115.679753
Publication type Article