Title: Shuffling peptides to create T-cell epitopes: does the immune system play cards?
Authors: Mannering, SI
So, M
Elso, CM
Kay, TWH
Issue Year: 2018
Publisher NATURE PUBLISHING GROUP
Series Immunol. Cell Biol.:
Abstract For a long time, immunologists have believed that classical CD4(+) and CD8(+) T cells recognize peptides (referred to as epitopes), derived from protein antigens presented by MHC/HLA class I or II. Over the past 10-15 years, it has become clear that epitopes recognized by CD8(+), and more recently CD4(+) T cells, can be formed by protein splicing. Here, we review the discovery of spliced epitopes recognized by tumor-specific human CD8(+) T cells. We discuss how these epitopes are formed and some of the unusual variants that have been reported. Now, over a decade since the first report, evidence is emerging that spliced CD8(+) T-cell epitopes are much more common, and potentially much more important, than previously imagined. Recent work has shown that epitopes recognized by CD4(+) T cells can also be formed by protein splicing. We discuss the recent discovery of spliced CD4(+) T-cell epitopes and their potential role as targets of autoimmune T-cell responses. Finally, we highlight some of the new questions raised from our growing appreciation of T-cell epitopes formed by peptide splicing.
URI: https://publications.svi.edu.au/publications/4698
ISSN
Other Identifiers 10.1111/imcb.1015
Publication type Review