Title: Inactivation of Protein Tyrosine Phosphatases Enhances Interferon Signaling in Pancreatic Islets
Authors: Stanley, WJ
Litwak, SA
Quah, HS
Tan, SM
Kay, TWH
Tiganis, T
de Haan, JB
Thomas, HE
Gurzov, EN
Issue Year: 2015
Series Diabetes:
Abstract Type 1 diabetes (T1D) is the result of an autoimmune assault against the insulin-producing pancreatic -cells, where chronic local inflammation (insulitis) leads to -cell destruction. T cells and macrophages infiltrate into islets early in T1D pathogenesis. These immune cells secrete cytokines that lead to the production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and T-cell invasion and activation. Cytokine-signaling pathways are very tightly regulated by protein tyrosine phosphatases (PTPs) to prevent excessive activation. Here, we demonstrate that pancreata from NOD mice with islet infiltration have enhanced oxidation/inactivation of PTPs and STAT1 signaling compared with NOD mice that do not have insulitis. Inactivation of PTPs with sodium orthovanadate in human and rodent islets and -cells leads to increased activation of interferon signaling and chemokine production mediated by STAT1 phosphorylation. Furthermore, this exacerbated STAT1 activation-induced cell death in islets was prevented by overexpression of the suppressor of cytokine signaling-1 or inactivation of the BH3-only protein Bim. Together our data provide a mechanism by which PTP inactivation induces signaling in pancreatic islets that results in increased expression of inflammatory genes and exacerbated insulitis.
URI: https://publications.svi.edu.au/publications/2247
Other Identifiers 10.2337/db14-1575
Publication type Article
Grant ID GNT1071350;GNT1042735;