Title: Bone Geometry Is Altered by Follistatin-Induced Muscle Growth in Young Adult Male Mice
Authors: Chan, ASM
McGregor, NE
Poulton, IJ
Hardee, JP
Cho, EHJ
Martin, TJ
Gregorevic, P
Sims, NA
Lynch, GS
Issue Year: 2021
Publisher WILEY
Abstract The development of the musculoskeletal system and its maintenance depends on the reciprocal relationship between muscle and bone. The size of skeletal muscles and the forces generated during muscle contraction are potent sources of mechanical stress on the developing skeleton, and they shape bone structure during growth. This is particularly evident in hypermuscular global myostatin (Mstn)-null mice, where larger muscles during development increase bone mass and alter bone shape. However, whether muscle hypertrophy can similarly influence the shape of bones after the embryonic and prepubertal period is unknown. To address this issue, bone structure was assessed after inducing muscle hypertrophy in the lower hindlimbs of young-adult C57BL/6J male mice by administering intramuscular injections of recombinant adeno-associated viral vectors expressing follistatin (FST), a potent antagonist of Mstn. Two FST isoforms were used: the full-length 315 amino acid isoform (FST-315) and a truncated 288 amino acid isoform (FST-288). In both FST-treated cohorts, muscle hypertrophy was observed, and the anterior crest of the tibia, adjacent to the tibialis anterior muscle, was lengthened. Hypertrophy of the muscles surrounding the tibia caused the adjacent cortical shell to recede inward toward the central axis: an event driven by bone resorption adjacent to the hypertrophic muscle. The findings reveal that inducing muscle hypertrophy in mice can confer changes in bone shape in early adulthood. (C) 2021 The Authors. JBMR Plus published by Wiley Periodicals LLC on behalf of American Society for Bone and Mineral Research.
URI: https://publications.svi.edu.au/publications/7927
Other Identifiers 10.1002/jbm4.10477
Publication type Article