Title: BIM Deficiency Protects NOD Mice From Diabetes by Diverting Thymocytes to Regulatory T Cells
Authors: Krishnamurthy, B
Chee, J
Jhala, G
Trivedi, P
Catterall, T
Selck, C
Gurzov, EN
Brodnicki, TC
Graham, KL
Wali, JA
Zhan, YF
Gray, D
Strasser, A
Allison, J
Thomas, HE
Kay, TWH
Issue Year: 2015
Series Diabetes:
Abstract Because regulatory T-cell (Treg) development can be induced by the same agonist self-antigens that induce negative selection, perturbation of apoptosis will affect both negative selection and Treg development. But how the processes of thymocyte deletion versus Treg differentiation bifurcate and their relative importance for tolerance have not been studied in spontaneous organ-specific autoimmune disease. We addressed these questions by removing a critical mediator of thymocyte deletion, BIM, in the NOD mouse model of autoimmune diabetes. Despite substantial defects in the deletion of autoreactive thymocytes, BIM-deficient NOD (NODBim(-/-)) mice developed less insulitis and were protected from diabetes. BIM deficiency did not impair effector T-cell function; however, NODBim(-/-) mice had increased numbers of Tregs, including those specific for proinsulin, in the thymus and peripheral lymphoid tissues. Increased levels of Nur77, CD5, GITR, and phosphorylated I kappa B-alpha in thymocytes from NODBim(-/-) mice suggest that autoreactive cells receiving strong T-cell receptor signals that would normally delete them escape apoptosis and are diverted into the Treg pathway. Paradoxically, in the NOD model, reduced thymic deletion ameliorates autoimmune diabetes by increasing Tregs. Thus, modulating apoptosis may be one of the ways to increase antigen-specific Tregs and prevent autoimmune disease.
URI: https://publications.svi.edu.au/publications/2187
Other Identifiers 10.2337/db14-1851
Publication type Article
Grant ID GNT1037321; GNT1042735;