Title: Small Molecule Drug A-769662 and AMP Synergistically Activate Naive AMPK Independent of Upstream Kinase Signaling
Authors: Scott, JW
Ling, NM
Issa, SMA
Dite, TA
O’Brien, MT
Chen, ZP
Galic, S
Langendorf, CG
Steinberg, GR
Kemp, BE
Oakhill, JS
Issue Year: 2014
Publisher CELL PRESS
Series CHEMISTRY & BIOLOGY: 21(5): 619-627
Abstract The AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) is a metabolic stress-sensing alpha beta gamma heterotrimer responsible for energy homeostasis, making it a therapeutic target for metabolic diseases such as type 2 diabetes and obesity. AMPK signaling is triggered by phosphorylation on the AMPK alpha subunit activation loop Thr172 by upstream kinases. Dephosphorylated, naive AMPK is thought to be catalytically inactive and insensitive to allosteric regulation by AMP and direct AMPK-activating drugs such as A-769662. Here we show that A-769662 activates AMPK independently of alpha-Thr172 phosphorylation, provided beta-Ser108 is phosphorylated. Although neither A-769662 nor AMP individually stimulate the activity of dephosphorylated AMPK, together they stimulate >1,000-fold, bypassing the requirement for beta-Ser108 phosphorylation. Consequently A-769662 and AMP together activate naive AMPK entirely allosterically and independently of upstream kinase signaling. These findings have important implications for development of AMPK-targeting therapeutics and point to possible combinatorial therapeutic strategies based on AMP and AMPK drugs.
URI: https://publications.svi.edu.au/publications/1739
Other Identifiers 10.1016/j.chembiol.2014.03.006
Publication type Article
Grant ID GNT1049197, GNT1068798, GNT1006062;
Find it online http://ac.els-cdn.com/S1074552114001112/1-s2.0-S1074552114001112-main.pdf?_tid=ad1c130c-2aab-11e5-b88a-00000aacb361&acdnat=1436935433_2b8a652b6856738d8593e232025d895f