Title: Conformational Changes in the GM-CSF Receptor Suggest a Molecular Mechanism for Affinity Conversion and Receptor Signaling
Authors: Broughton, SE
Hercus, TR
Nero, TL
Dottore, M
McClure, BJ
Dhagat, U
Taing, H
Gorman, MA
King-Scott, J
Lopez, AF
Parker, MW
Issue Year: 2016
Publisher CELL PRESS
Series Structure:
Abstract The GM-CSF, IL-3, and IL-5 receptors constitute the beta c family, playing important roles in inflammation, autoimmunity, and cancer. Typical of heterodimeric type I cytokine receptors, signaling requires recruitment of the shared subunit to the initial cytokine: a subunit binary complex through an affinity conversion mechanism. This critical process is poorly understood due to the paucity of crystal structures of both binary and ternary receptor complexes for the same cytokine. We have now solved the structure of the binary GM-CSF:GMR alpha complex at 2.8-angstrom resolution and compared it with the structure of the ternary complex, revealing distinct conformational changes. Guided by these differences we performed mutational and functional studies that, importantly, show GMR alpha interactions playing a major role in receptor signaling while beta c interactions control high-affinity binding. These results support the notion that conformational changes underlie the mechanism of GM-CSF receptor activation and also suggest how related type I cytokine receptors signal.
URI: https://publications.svi.edu.au/publications/6529
Other Identifiers 10.1016/j.str.2016.05.017
Publication type Article